All About 5G Australia
Fifth generation technology standard of broadband cellular network or 5G has been developed by GPP( Third Generation Partnership Project) in 2016. Since 2019, several cellular phone companies began to implement it to their devices and around 30% of world’s countries have 5G availability. As per predicted forecasts, around 1.5 billion 5G subscribers are expected by 2024.
Australia has majorly deployed 5G in most of its cities covering around 50% of its population. Australian telecom company Telcos aims to cover 75% of Australian population by the end of 2021. The major cities covered by Telcos are Melbourne, Sydney, Canberra, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth and Hobart. Optus, another leading brand of cellular phone is claiming to cover 4lacs households in the main cities of Australia ie. Sydney, Canberra, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth.
Vodafone is last on the list of 5G providers and is claiming to cover 85% of population of Australia by the end of 2021.
5G has a download speed of 20GB per second. However the individual user will observe network speed as per the configuration of the network, the number of devices working under a network etc. The latency(Time to transfer information from a wider internet to phone and vise versa) for 5G is 1 millisecond as compared to the typical latency of 4G network of 60 milliseconds. This decline in latency is an advantage to manage various technologies like lifts, self driving cars by encrypting real time data within 1 millisecond. It would lessen the chances of accidents.
5G Australia revolution has promising insights to upgrade its economy as well as standards of lifestyle. Telstra is using its spectrum in the 3.6 GHz band to provide 5G technology across Australia. It also upgraded its 5G radio access network coverage footprint across Australia, connecting a cloud-native 5G Core network to handle new 5G traffic. It is thus successful to use 5G without any access to 4G.
Optus controlled by Singapore telecommunications group Singtel, got approval from Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) to test mmWave technology using the 26 GHz band in Sydney. TPG telecom claims to facilitate 5G access to 80% of Australian population by the end of 2021.
Australia has third fastest 5G network among major trading partners. The country has ranked seventh in March 2021, according to the Speedtest Global Index™, with a median download speed of 109.33 Mbps.
Optus lagged behind Telstra in Q1 2021 by proving to be the fastest operator with a median download speed of 309.86 Mbps over 5G. Telstra was second with a median download speed of 295.00 Mbps, while Vodafone ranked third at a median download speed of 184.98 Mbps over 5G.